Civil liberties protect people from undue government interference or action. Civil rights, on the other hand, protect people from discrimination. It is DoD policy to prohibit discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, mental or physical disability, or age.
Although civil liberties and civil rights are different, they can overlap, especially with issues involving religion and free speech. For example, a civil rights complaint involving religious discrimination in the workplace could also involve the First Amendment right of freedom of religion if an employee was wrongly prevented from exercising his or her religion.
For information on how to report an alleged civil rights violation, visit EEO, the Equal Employment Opportunity division of the DoD Office of the Inspector General. If you are a service member, contact a Military Equal Opportunity (MEO) Office.